Shortened rules from AIP for flying in Ljubljana FIR
1. Language and voice
1.1. Language used: English and Slovenian.
1.2. Voice: highly recommended, although not mandatory. The Slovenian ATS prefers voice over text communication despite possible pilot's lack of English language knowledge.
2. General IFR before-startup requests
2.1. Before flight check if any new NOTAM is issued.
2.2. Before connecting to the network the IFR pilot shall set transponder to 2000 and wait for new code, issued by any ATS. The code 1200 shall NOT be used.
2.3. Before startup, make sure you marked in your FP (equipment) that you are RVSM approved, unless you fly a specific non-RVSM ACFT.
2.4. On initial contact with TWR/APP/ACC on ground the pilot shall only request startup and not the clearance (requesting of departure information is also admissible, if needed to program FMC or get additional weather info). The clearance will be issued by ATS to the pilot, usually during taxi or after P/B.
2.5. All IFR traffic on the ground of international airports shall in any case contact APP/ACC frequency if TWR is not active. APP/ACC gives all instructions needed for ground operations in that time as well.
3. LJLJ - Ljubljana Airport operations
3.1. Charts: Use of approach charts is recommended, although it is not mandatory. Exception are LJLJ Aerodrome TWY/PSN charts LJLJ 1-1, LJLJ 1-2, and ILS 31 LJLJ 3-1 chart, which are defined as mandatory for correct GND and APP operations under ATS.
3.2. Normally active RWY for departure is 13. Pilot may also be instructed to depart RWY-31 due to traffic on final or wind conditions.
3.3. Normally active RWY for landing is 31. Due to weather conditions circling to land for RWY-13 may be in use. ATS will initially vector traffic to intercept the ILS for RWY-31. After wind information from TWR is received and tailwind is too strong, the pilot shall request a circle-to-land procedure by himself, but in any case it must be requested before passing OM. Approaching visually to RWY-13 is also available if weather, traffic conditions and ATS service allow.
3.4. TWY ground speed restriction: 25 KTS. APRON ground speed restriction: 8 KTS. Exception for APRON is expedited taxi or clearance expiration, instructed by ATC.
3.5. Holding positions:
- Position F is used for intersection departure RWY-31/13 for ACFT of chapter A or for backtrack to THR-31.
- Position G is used for intersection departure RWY-13 of ACFT chapter A or for expedited backtrack to THR-31.
- Position K is used for departure RWY-13 for all CAT of ACFT.
3.6. RWY vacating:
- ACFT taxiing to main apron shall vacate RWY via TWY-G or TWY-K.
- Usage of TWY-F reserved only for ACFT taxiing to GA apron. Refer to LJLJ 1-2 for wing span limitation.
3.7. Specific communication on Unicom 122.800 must be used, when ATS is offline:
Each pilot's message shall start with: "LJLJ, ..." or "LJLJ traffic, ..." followed with a report.
3.7.1. Departing AFCT:
- Normal RWY for departure: 13. Pilot shall report departure 3 minutes before reaching H/P-K.
- Due to traffic on final RWY-31, pilot also may depart RWY-31 for safety reasons or wind conditions, according to upper taxiing restrictions.
3.7.2. Arriving ACFT:
- Normal RWY for landing: 31. Pilots shall report 10 miles inbound DOL VOR, that pilot departing can still choose RWY-31 for departure instead of normal RWY-13.
- Second report for pilots in approach: when fully established on ILS-31
- In case of circle-to-land RWY-13 due to wind conditions, pilot shall report it on 10 miles inbound DOL or earlier.
3.9.3. Taxiing ACFT:
- Only if pilot has visual contact with other traffic on the apron, taxi intentions and startup shall be reported.
4. LJMB - Maribor and LJPZ - Portorož airport operations
4.1. Charts: Use of all charts is necessary since Maribor and Portorož ATS operates procedurally. No radar vectoring available in TMA MARIBOR and TMA PORTOROŽ zone.
4.2. If pilot needs a pushback during/after startup in default scenery, he shall do it simultaneously without requesting it. In ‘Slovenia 2004’ scenery pushback is not available.
4.3. TWY ground speed restriction: 25 KTS. APRON ground speed restriction: 8 KTS. Exception is expedited taxi or clearance expiration, instructed by ATC.
5. En-route IFR
5.1. On initial contact with the ACC on arrival/overflight the pilot should only state his callsign and altitude for identification without additional information or IDENT-ing. The ACC will request additional information if needed – otherwise the pilot will only receive »Identified« message.
5.2. On overflight from areas without active ATS the pilot should contact ACC at least 2 minutes before crossing the FIR boundaries (or state boundaries). Pilot will otherwise receive Force-Act message from the ATS one minute before entering the FIR.
5.3. If the pilot is descending from an uncontrolled airspace to LJLA with a destination within LJLA FIR, the pilot shall contact Ljubljana ACC before reaching FL200 or 4 minutes prior entering the FIR, whichever is earlier.
6. VFR traffic rules
6.1. All VFR traffic on the ground of international airports (LJLJ, LJMB and LJPZ) shall in any case contact APP/ACC if TWR is not active. APP/ACC gives all instructions needed for ground operations in that time as well. Exemption is G and E airspace.
6.2. VFR traffic below 8000 ft shall be on FIC/ACC frequency all the time for weather and traffic info. Exceptions are G and E airspaces, where pilot can only monitor the frequency. See chart LJLA 11-2.
6.3. Before connecting to the network, the pilot shall set transponder to 7000 and wait for new code, issued by ATS. The code 1200 shall NOT be used.
6.4. VFR traffic shall follow the recommended route from VFR chart to avoid TMA Ljubljana 1. Pilot may ask for track issuing by ATS if needed. See chart LJLA 11-2 for airspace classification info.
6.5. VFR traffic in the whole FIR should stay below 8.000 ft all the time being en-route. The airspace above 8.000 ft is formally reserved for IFR traffic – exceptions can be issued by ACC on request.
7.1. Area controls from foreign (non-LJLA) FIRs cannot cover airspace of Slovenian division. If remark "Covering LJLA FIR" appears in foreign ACC's ATIS, pilots shall disregard it.
7.2. Transfers of aircraft are exceptionally allowed between LDZO and LOVV ACC directly - for overflight above FL150 only, when LJLA ACC is offline.
If you have read this document, and you have the charts on board, described in this document as mandatory, please, indicate this in your Flight Plan Remarks with: "SI/AIP" while flying under ATS in LJLA FIR.